Taras Shevchenko National University of Kiev 

Fac. of Sociology

BA "Comparative Sociology of Europe" (Prof. Kutsenko)


Tourism as a journey through time with a return ticket


Prof. Dr. Hasso Spode

  Technische Universität Berlin, HAT, Hardenbergstr. 16-18, D-10623  Berlin




The birth of the romantic (i.e. tourist) gaze at nature and history:





A basic but not a reason: the tansport revolutions:




Tourism is not = travel (although in English often mixed). Tourism is a special form of travel (or horizontal mobility, resp.), namely travel without a real purpose. It is consumption of spaces, symbols and experiences.  The birth of tourism in 18th century Europe is a result of a new concept of time in face of the acceleration of the social development, the so-called "progess". While enlightenment praised the progess, romanticism condemmed it. In this connection a new view on the "nature" emerged; it turmed from an enemy into a friend.  The lecture erxplains this novel, typically European form of travel into "the nature" and "the past". In addition - if there is  enough time - it gives an overview of the rise of tourism from an elite practice to a global mass phenomenon.


Further reading (Internet only):

Overview philosophical (Germ): - In: Cicero 24.6.2010

Overview historical (Ukrain) :  (maschined translation)

On time travel (Engl):   - Jan Pazda in  UR JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES 2021

Time, Space, Tourism in the 19th c. (Engl):    -  In: Eberhard, Winfried / Lübke, Christian (eds.): The Plurality of Europe, Leipzig 2010

Travel vs Tourism (Germ):  - In: Pechlaner, Harald / Volgger, Michael (Hrsg.): Die Gesellschaft auf Reisen – Eine Reise in die Gesellschaft, Wiesbaden 2017



Power-Point-Lecture here  (password needed)





PW cms